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A flood is an event that occurs when the flow of excessive water soaking the mainland. EU directives define flood as a flood of temporary submersion by water on land that is not normally submerged. In the sense of “flowing water”, the word can also mean the inclusion of ocean tides. Flooding caused by the volume of water in a body of water such as a river or lake overflow or break down the dam so that water out of its natural limits.
Size of the lake or body of water constantly changes according to changes in precipitation and melting seasonal snow, but no major flooding unless the water reaches the human uses such as villages, towns, and other settlements.
Floods can also occur in rivers, when flow exceeds the capacity of the drains, especially at the bend in the river. Floods often cause damage to homes and shops were built on natural river floodplains. Although flood damage can be avoided by moving away from rivers and other bodies of water, the people living and working close to the water to make a living and take advantage of low costs as well as travel and trade near the waters smooth. Humans continue to settle in flood-prone areas is evidence that the value of settled near the water is greater than the cost of the damage caused by periodic flooding.
Great flood myth is a story of mythological great flood sent by God to destroy a civilization in retaliation for the great and often appears in the mythology of various cultures in the world.